Whether you're entertaining or just making a weeknight extra special my Red Snapper en Papillote will bring smiles to your table
How to make Red Snapper en Papillote (aka parchment paper)
I had a request from one of my friends to make Poisson en papillote aka fish cooked in a parchment paper. It’s been ages since I’ve cooked fish using this method and I’ve never made this type of dish for Lisa so I thought it would be fun to revive this healthy and delicious style of cooking in our home. Looking at the fish I had on hand I decided on Caribbean Red Snapper.
You can use other types of firm, fleshy light fish for this dish such as mahi-mahi, grouper and salmon. Flounder and tilapia would work but they’re so fragile I would recommend lightly stuffing the fillets and rolling them to cook using this method. You can also cook a whole fish using this method.
Let’s start out by gathering the mise en place for this dish.
Think of your parchment paper as a blank canvas when building your Poisson en Papillote. There are so many different ingredients and fresh herbs you can use to make each dish unique every time you serve it. Of course, you’ll have your favorite flavors and that’s what I used for my Red Snapper en Papillote.
I suggest following a few simple guidelines when painting your canvas (parchment) with flavors by layering the ingredients.
The first layer should be something stack-able. This will provide height and a little space for the steam to circulate throughout the dish.
- Try using napa cabbage, bok choy, bitter greens, lemongrass, mushrooms, fennel or other similar ingredients. You could also use rice, your favorite grain or couscous, just remember to have them almost completely cooked not raw.
The second layer is the fish. I like to season the fish well at this point starting with a little olive oil then a good amount of sea salt and black pepper. You could add any flavor of spice at this time as well.
The third layer should be aromatic ingredients and something for color.
- aromatics could include- garlic, olives, capers, ginger, scallions, shallots, fresh herbs or any ingredients you like that will hit you with a delightful fragrance when you crack open the parchment. They also add great flavors to the dish.
- something for color can be as easy as grape tomatoes, peppers, colored cauliflower, asparagus, and even fresh corn kernels.
My final layer is citrus slices.
- Lemon, lime, orange or grapefruit wedges instead of slices would work well as a topping
You can also place the citrus under the fish and use another topping for the grand presentation of your dish.
Then it’s time to fold your parchment closed.
What I learned:
- It’s better to place the fennel and sliced mushrooms on top of the broccoli rabe and under the snapper.
- Don’t add the fresh chopped parsley to the dish inside the packet, it will turn an ugly shade of green. Add to the experience and allow your guest to add it on top of the lemon after the open the packet.
- the Snapper needed a good amount of salt and pepper to be seasoned properly
All in all, this was a delicious dish and very healthy. Remember to think of this as a blank canvas and have fun with different ingredients.
If you like my Red Sanpper recipe you might also like these delicious fish dishes.
- Blackened Salmon with a Gorgonzola Cream Sauce
- Pan Seared Halibut
- How to Poach Mahi-Mahi (or your favorite fish)
- Cajun Style Florida Snapper
Red Snapper en Papillote
- parchment paper
- 1 cup broccoli rabe or your favorite bitter green
- 1/2 cup fennel -medium slice
- 2 6-8 ounce red snapper fillets or your favorite fish
- drizzle olive oil
- sea salt and black pepper to taste
- 2 tablespoons chopped green olives
- 2 tablespoons capers
- 2 cloves of garlic - sliced
- 2 tablespoons scallions - sliced
- 2 tbsp julienne red peppers
- 1/4 cup sliced mushrooms optional
- 2 leaves sprigs of fennel
- 4 slices lemon
- 1 teaspoon chopped parsley for garnish
- preheat oven to 425 degrees
- remove skin from red snapper fillets
- place two sheets of parchment (approx. 12 x 15 inches) side by side to begin building your dish
- divide the broccoli rabe between the two sheets, placing it in the lower half of each sheet ( so you have room to fold the parchment over)
- place sliced fennel on top of the broccoli rabe, then place the red snapper fillet on top of both. This will give you some room under the fish for the steam to circulate.
- Season the fish with a drizzle of olive oil and sea salt and black pepper. ( you can add other spices at this time as well)
- Begin adding the aromatics on top of the snapper. Sliced garlic, olives, capers, scallions, red pepper and fennel leaves (this would be a good time to add any other fresh herbs that you like)
- top with the lemon wedges
- Fold over the parchment and begin by folding in the edge closest to you in small folds at least two times. Make creases in the folds to help them stay closed.
- Start closing in the ends by folding as you would a present with two triangular folds going into the packet and then begin folding in small folds in until you get close to the fish. Repeat this process on the other side.
- Do not pierce the parchment, you do not want the steam to vent!
- Place the packets on a cookie sheet and place into the preheated oven for approximately 15 minutes. The fish will cook quickly and the time will depend upon the thickness of the fish you use.
- Serve the packet on top of the plate and allow your guest to open it and take in the lovely fragrances. Let them add a sprinkle of chopped parsley so they can fully enjoy the dish, explaining how people eat with their eyes and the garnish adds to the experience.
- Serve with your favorite sides.
*Just a quick note do not use aluminum foil, wax paper or brown paper they are not the best materials for this type of dish. You can find parchment paper in the same area in your supermarket that has the foil and plastic wrap.